The Soviet forces (163rd RD) that escaped across Lake Kiantajärvi from Suomussalmi stopped Group Susi’s advance on the western bank of the Kelojoki River, near Juntusranta. After almost a week of combat, the Battle of Raate Road ended in a glorious victory for the Finns. As the weather warmed the Fins quickly buried the dead without counting due to the risk disease epidemic. Raate Road was the scene of two decisive Winter War battles. Just prior to WWII in Europe, the Soviet Union (Russia) and Germany jockeyed for strategic ground running from the Arctic Ocean through eastern Finland, through the Baltic states, splitting Poland, and down through Romania to the Balkans. The remains of a destroyed Soviet pocket on the Raate road, Monument to the those killed in the battle. The Finns also cut the first, northern supply route on 13 December, and the Soviets were forced to open a new supply route through Lake Kiantajärvi. During the battle of Suomussalmi, the Finns cut the Raate road on December 11, 1939. Siilasvuo’s division was relocated to the Kuhmo area. Most officers of the Soviet 27th infantry regiment put casualties at 70%. During the battle of Suomussalmi, the Finns cut the Raate road on December 11, 1939. On December 7, 1939, the Soviet 163rd Division captured Suomussalmi, but found itself trapped deep inside Finnish territory, and the Soviet 44th Rifle (Ukrainian) Division was sent to aid the 163rd. [12] After the Continuation War, the Soviets were not interested in their deceased. The decisive battle was ordered to begin on January 5, 1940, 08:30. According to the report, the division was understaffed, because two battalions of the 305th Infantry Regiment were deployed elsewhere. [15], The Ukrainian veteran of the Raate Road Sergeant Pyotr Andrevitch Morozov was interviewed in 1991 by the Finnish non-fiction writer Leo Karttimo. The Kuusamo area remained relatively peaceful throughout the Winter War. SA-kuva. Detachment Kari was formed under the North Finland Group in the Raate area. Most recent Finnish studies indicate that the Soviets lost at least 7,000–9,000 men. During January 6, heavy fighting occurred all along the Raate road as the Finns continued to break up the enemy forces into smaller pieces. The decisive battle began on the 5th of January near Haukila at 08:30 and the "Mandelin" and "Mäkiniemi" Squadrons attacked the soviet forces in the area allowing squadron "Mäkiniemi" more time to establish defensive positions. The majority of the rifle division’s heavy equipment was left on the Raate road as spoils of war for the Finns. On December 7, 1939, the Soviet 163rd Rifle Division captured Suomussalmi, but found itself trapped deep inside Finnish territory, and the Soviet 44th Rifle (Ukrainian) Division was sent to aid the 163rd. [12] After the Continuation War, the Soviets were not interested in their deceased. If you find yourself in Finland, try following the road from Kemi to Suomussalmi and on to Raate for a daylong ride. Following this Stalin turned his attention on Finland. The regiment arrived at the battle area on 4 January and joined the offensive launched by the division on the first day of January. The fate of the Ukrainian Division remained unmentioned in Soviet historiography for decades. Finnish motti tactics proved to be very effective in this battle. The Finnish 9th division where in place to stop them. At 21:30 on the 6th the 44th divisions commander, Alexei Vinogradov, ordered his troops to fall back to the Soviet border. Before the main battle against the 44th Division, the Finns fought defensive battles against a part of 163rd Division on the Raate road. The situation was getting worse, and on 20 December the commander of the 163rd Division, Andrei Zelentsov, asked permission to retreat from Suomussalmi. The well trained Soviet 81st Mountain Rifles Regiment played a major role in the battle for Suomussalmi. Always try Further in the east, squadron "Fagernäs" could not keep a strategic bridge under Finnish control. [5], For many years, Finnish historians estimated the Soviet losses to be around 17,000 men. Squadron "Mäkiniemi" had started moving towards Haukila a few days before the official attack. [6], Most military historians date the battle of the Raate road from 1 January to 7 January 1940. Kilin calculated that some troops returned after the report, so the number of the missing is lower. The mopping-up went on for two days, during which the Finns rounded up hundreds of starving, frozen Ukrainians. The statistics of the report start from 1 January, and by this time the division had already suffered heavy losses for two weeks. At the same time, the fresh 3rd NKVD Border Guard Regiment was just arriving to assist the Soviet 44th Division. The Raate road was though a battlefield during the entire Winter War. Most military historians date the battle of the Raate road from 1 January to 7 January 1940.

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