But formal affiliates are required to consult with al Qaeda’s core leadership before carrying out large-scale attacks. During this time period, recruits may be dispatched to military checkpoints but not to frontline combat. This practice, known as Hawala, originating from 8th century Islamic trade, and involves coordination between four key parties: a money/value sender, a pair of trusted hawaladors, and a money/value receiver. The two rival jihadist groups share the goal of forming a global caliphate. Salafi-Islamists arguably split into 3 further sub-sects: Since, Salafi-Sunni-ism preaches a strict reading of the Koran and the hadiths, it views all Shia Muslims as apostates, punishable by death, in virtue of their reformist/revisionist reading of the Koran and their reluctance to pledge ‘bayaat’ to the caliph. These do-it-yourself terror tactics have taken the form of homemade IEDs, mass shootings, stabbings, vehicular attacks on pedestrians, and suicide bombings all intentionally directed primarily at ‘soft target’ social spaces and institutions. The stack of PCBs and other flight modules can be built up first in the secondary structure and integrated with the load carrying frames at … In conclusion, the phenomenon of ISIS represents the latest instantiation of a more pernicious, enduring, and underlying meme of Salafi-Jihadism more generally. Tensions between Baghdadi and al Nusra’s leadership however would later cause serious political in-fighting within the group. of the war itself is fundamentally an ideological rather than a physical one. All this being said, we can now better understand how specific tactics are meant to feed into ISIS’s higher strategic aims and ideological ends. According to UNESCO, Nineveh "was one of the most important cultural centres in the ancient world enjoying a prominent role in the field of developing human civilization, in that it was the greatest metropolis where various branches of arts and learning originated. Little else is known of his background, but jihadist publications claim that he is from a religious family descended from noble tribes, and that he holds a PhD from Baghdad’s Islamic University. Wissam ‘Abd Zeid el Zubeidi ( Abu Nabil), Salah Eddine Gorvernorate, 2. For instance, in 2014, with the taking of Mosul, ISIS acquired an estimated 240 million pounds worth of currency from Iraqi banks. The customer gives a hawala broker in one city a sum of money along with instructions for receipt (usually a password). For example, the rate of young people dying in suicide operations rose, from six in January 2015 to 11 in January 2016. The movements are redefining the order and borders in the world’s most volatile region. They are an anonymous group of archaeologists, curators and activists who tread into dangerous territory to document what's been lost and try to preserve sites in danger. The minaret was only rebuilt in 2013 after the destruction by an unknown perpetrator in 2006.

Known individually as “al-rabta” (connector) these couriers represent key points of vulnerability within the organization and have caused many problems for the group since inception. © 2017 CENTER FOR GLOBAL POLICY. These areas also have functioning municipal agencies like police, firefighters, water and sanitation as well as 57 media production units and propaganda offices to include ISIS’s Amaq News Agency. Unlike other opponents whose strategic ends may be somewhat of a mystery, given the fatalistic grand narrative that ISIS sees itself as duty-bound to bring to fruition, ISIS’s strategic ends are arguably fairly clear: to advance along the three Maoist phases until their conventional forces are strong enough to defeat the ‘near enemy’, to use these local victories against the near enemy as well as its social media presence to recruit Muslims to the Caliphate, and to bait the ‘far enemy’, the ‘forces of Rome’, into a protracted, boots on the ground conflict in their homeland that they see themselves divinely preordained to win.
The operational level involves the translation of strategic ends into real-world tactical actions. Originally from the Arslan Tash archaeological site near Aleppo in Syria, they'd been moved to Raqqa city centre in the 1980s. Featuring breaking news reactions, opinion pieces, explainers, and focused analyses, New Atlanticist provides a comprehensive look at the top global headlines and the challenges facing the international community. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! A notable change is that the Delegative Committee has further decentralized the various sectors on a local level, which operate semi-autonomously and are financially self-sufficient, and reduced suicide bombings to a minimum. Yet they have diverse goals and different constituencies. when also coupled with free medical care, for instance). Known damage: the contents of at least two rooms were destroyed with sledgehammers and by other methods, Why it matters: The museum houses relics from the UNESCO World Heritage site of Hatra, as well as artifacts from Nineveh. . The Structure of the Islamic State (ISIS), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), © 2020 Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, Leadership Program in Arab-Israel Studies, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/iraq/10956280/Inside-the-leadership-of-Islamic-State-how-the-new-caliphate-is-run.html, http://www.almayadeen.net/infographics/T0QSkHTn2UWk83bXlnj1, https://jcpa.org/islamic-state-ends-christian-presence/, http://www.alarabiya.net/ar/arab-and-world/syria/2014/08/30/%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%B9%D8%B4-%D9%8A%D9%81%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%86%D8%B8%D8%A7%D9%85%D9%87-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%8A%D9%85%D9%8A-%D8%AF%D9%88%D9%86-%D9%81%D9%86-%D9%88%D8%AA%D8%A7%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%AE.html, http://shadow.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2014/09/05/the_islamic_states_triple_threat, Hamas Is Very Concerned about Israel’s Normalization with Sudan, Study: Compliance with Covid-19 Guidelines among Israel’s Older Population, The Palestinians’ View of the U.S. Most of the commentators have looked at ISIS as another terrorist organization, an al-Qaeda off-shoot, waging a guerrilla war with cohorts of unorganized thugs. ISIS, however, claims to have direct control over the fighters and residents in its territory. The origins of ISIS can largely be traced back to the U.S. military occupation of Iraq and its subsequent exit. These troubles include delays in relaying orders and information within the organization as well as the capture or killing of its senior leaders.

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