It completed its primary mission in January 2001 and was in its third extended mission phase when, on November 2, 2006, the spacecraft failed to respond to commands. Launch Date: August 14, 2017. Proposals are selected through a competitive peer review process. The first Dragon resupply mission occurred in May 2012. It reached Saturn's moon Titan on January 14, 2005, when it entered Titan's atmosphere and descended down to the surface. A series of mishaps, however, led to the failure of the first five flights. The program was implemented by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) to prepare for the Apollo program. [7] [115] It was launched by an Atlas V rocket on November 26, 2011,[116][117] and landed successfully on August 6, 2012, on the plains of Aeolis Palus in Gale Crater near Aeolis Mons (formerly Mount Sharp). X-Planes have set numerous milestones since then, both manned and unmanned. [87] Juno was launched on August 5, 2011, and entered orbit around Jupiter on July 4, 2016. [69] This was the first landing ever accomplished in the outer Solar System. Bell Telephone Laboratories also developed much of the technology required for satellite communication, including transistors, solar cells, and traveling wave tube amplifiers. MESSENGER used its instruments on a complex series of flybys that allowed it to decelerate relative to Mercury using minimal fuel. Health Checks Begin", "NASA's New Mars Rover Will Explore Towering 'Mount Sharp, "Three New Names Approved for Features on Mars", Directory of past, present and future missions from the Science Mission Directorate, Commercial Orbital Transportation Services,, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 October 2020, at 08:30.

- High Energy Astronomy Observatory program, Template:Space exploration lists and timelines. A flyby of 486958 Arrokoth took place in 2019. They were launched in 1977 to take advantage of a favorable planetary alignment of the late 1970s. All probes except Mariner 1, Mariner 2 and Mariner 5 had TV cameras. Over the years, NASA has launched a series of Explorer spacecraft carrying a wide variety of scientific investigations. [65], The Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) was developed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and launched November 1996. Telstar 2 was launched May 7, 1963. Prior Venus missions had created low-resolution radar globes of general, continent-sized formations. However, that proposal was rejected in favor of the U.S. Navy's Project Vanguard. [64], Clementine (officially called the Deep Space Program Science Experiment (DSPSE)) was a joint space project between the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (BMDO, previously the Strategic Defense Initiative Organization, or SDIO) and NASA.

New Horizons was launched on January 19, 2006, and flew by Pluto in July 2015. LRO and LCROSS are the first missions launched as part of the United States's Vision for Space Exploration program. Data from the GRACE satellites is an important tool for studying Earth's ocean, geology, and climate. Two have ended in failure, causing the death of the entire crew: STS-51-L (the Challenger disaster) in 1986, and STS-107 (the Columbia disaster) in 2003. [20] All Lunar Orbiter craft were launched by an Atlas-Agena D launch vehicle. [37], The Magellan spacecraft was a space probe sent to the planet Venus, the first uncrewed interplanetary spacecraft to be launched by NASA since its successful Pioneer Orbiter, also to Venus, in 1978. It launched on October 15, 1997, on a Titan IVB/Centaur and entered into orbit around Saturn on July 1, 2004, after an interplanetary voyage which included flybys of Earth, Venus, and Jupiter.

This is a chronological list of expeditions to the International Space Station (ISS).All permanent ISS crews are named "Expedition n", where n is sequentially increased with each expedition. NASA brought the Orion MPCV back to life from the defunct Constellation Program and successfully test launched the first capsule on December 5, 2014 aboard EFT-1.

[17] The planned Mariner 11 and Mariner 12 vehicles evolved into Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, while the Viking 1 and Viking 2 Mars orbiters were enlarged versions of the Mariner 9 spacecraft.

[99] The 90-day primary mission was successful, and the overall mission was concluded on November 10, 2008, after engineers were unable to contact the craft. There are currently three New Frontiers missions in progress. [51] At about 6 tonnes, it was the heaviest NASA satellite to undergo uncontrolled atmospheric entry since Skylab in the summer of 1979.[52]. It was launched on February 14, 1980. Instead, these cost-capped missions are proposed and led by a scientist called the Principal investigator (PI). [94] Orbital Sciences uses its Antares rocket and Cygnus spacecraft. The first two Telstar satellites were experimental and nearly identical. The Geographos observations were not made due to a malfunction in the spacecraft.

Launched on January 25, 1994, the objective of the mission was to test sensors and spacecraft components under extended exposure to the space environment and to make scientific observations of the Moon and the near-Earth asteroid 1620 Geographos. Although not the first space telescope, Hubble is one of the largest and most versatile, and is well known as both a vital research tool and a public relations boon for astronomy. In January 2007 NASA officially ended the mission. It was launched on October 18, 1989, by the Space Shuttle Atlantis on the STS-34 mission. It can chemically analyze samples by scooping up soil and drilling rocks using a laser and sensor system. It is named after American astronomer Edwin Hubble. Since 1958, NASA has overseen more than 1,000 uncrewed missions into Earth orbit or beyond. [82] The 485-kilogram (1,069 lb) spacecraft was launched aboard a Delta II rocket in August 2004 to study Mercury's chemical composition, geology, and magnetic field. Get the latest updates on NASA missions, subscribe to blogs, RSS feeds and podcasts, watch NASA TV live, or simply read about our mission to pioneer the future in space exploration, scientific discovery and aeronautics research. Following the failure of the Delta rocket carrying Echo 1 on May 13, 1960, Echo 1A was put successfully into orbit by another Thor-Delta,[8][9] and the first microwave transmission was received on August 12, 1960. Planned for a three-year mission, it proved much more durable, allowing extended observation from its instrument suite. The program was originally intended to create a family of experimental aircraft not intended for production beyond the limited nu NASA has successfully launched over 100 manned flights. Cassini–Huygens was a joint NASA/ESA/ASI spacecraft mission studying the planet Saturn and its many natural satellites.

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