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Find out more about how the BBC is covering the. In 1839 the young Queen Victoria had to summon Peel to ask him to form a government after the collapse of the Whig administration led by Lord Melbourne. World Heritage Sites are places of cultural significance. As a result of Peel’s efforts, the London police force became known as Bobby’s boys and later simply as bobbies.

The manifesto remains significant as it is viewed as laying out the guiding ideas and principles upon which the modern Conservative party was established. Robert Peel was the British Prime Minister from 1834 to 1835, and from 1841 to 1846. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. His father was a wealthy cotton mill owner, and Peel was educated at Harrow and Oxford, entering parliament as a Tory in 1809. He became known as the “Father of Modern Policing,” and his commissioners established a list of policing principles that remain as crucial and urgent today as they were two centuries ago. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam.

As Home Secretary Peel was responsible for founding the Metropolitan Police force, whose officers were subsequently referred to as 'Peelers' or 'Bobbies'. He had also distinguished himself as the ablest of the “Protestant” party that resisted the admittance of Roman Catholics to Parliament, and in 1817 he gained the coveted honour of election as member of Parliament for the University of Oxford.

Although originally set against parliamentary reform he came to implement what many would see as liberal measures while in government.

Peel introduced a significant number of reforms including the repeal of the Corn Laws, which he achieved in spite of stern opposition from within his own party.

The government of the day was headed up by Spencer Perceval and in June 1810 Robert Peel was offered his first Government position as Under-Secretary of State for war and the colonies.

His father was a wealthy cotton manufacturer and politician who arranged for his son to be home schooled until the family moved to Drayton Manor in Staffordshire in 1798.

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