Folland.

Radicals produced from the homolytically split oxygen molecules combine with molecular oxygen to form ozone. In der Troposphäre ist die Luftzirkulation mit ihren adiabatischen Eigenschaften bestimmend für den Temperaturverlauf.

Wetter­phänomene lassen sich daher in der Stratosphäre kaum beobachten. Der Austausch an Luft zwischen der Troposphäre und der Stratosphäre ist sehr gering, weil die vertikalen Temperaturunterschiede so groß sind. Diesen Stockwerkaufbau von Atmosphären erkannte 1906 schon Karl Schwarzschild. On October 24, 2014, Alan Eustace became the record holder for reaching the altitude record for a manned balloon at 135,890 ft (41,419 m).

Aus diesem Grund ist die stratosphärische Luft darüber sehr trocken. Die Grenze ist die Stratopause in etwa 50 km Höhe. Stratopause | The QBO induces a secondary circulation that is important for the global stratospheric transport of tracers, such as ozone[14] or water vapor. Heutzutage wird sie mit Forschungsflugzeugen wie der Mjassischtschew M-55 „Geophysika“ oder der „ER-2“-Spezialausführung der Lockheed U-2, untersucht. Link zu dieser Seite / Seite empfehlen Seite per E-Mail empfehlen Mail. They turn that energy into heat. However, exceptionally energetic convection processes, such as volcanic eruption columns and overshooting tops in severe supercell thunderstorms, may carry convection into the stratosphere on a very local and temporary basis. This vertical stratification, with warmer layers above and cooler layers below, makes the stratosphere dynamically stable: there is no regular convection and associated turbulence in this part of the atmosphere.

This breaking is caused due to a highly non-linear interaction between the vertically propagating planetary waves and the isolated high potential vorticity region known as the polar vortex. Radicals produced from the homolytically split oxygen molecules combine with molecular oxygen to form ozone. In der Troposphäre ist die Luftzirkulation mit ihren adiabatischen Eigenschaften bestimmend für den Temperaturverlauf. Es erstreckt sich im Anschluss an die Tropopause in etwa 12 km Höhe bis in eine Höhe von ca. Near the equator, the lower edge of the stratosphere is as high as 20 km (66,000 ft; 12 mi), at midlatitudes around 10 km (33,000 ft; 6.2 mi), and at the poles about 7 km (23,000 ft; 4.3 mi)[5] Temperatures range from an average of −51 °C (−60 °F; 220 K) near the tropopause to an average of −15 °C (5.0 °F; 260 K) near the mesosphere. We now know that there are additional ozone loss mechanisms, and that these mechanisms are catalytic meaning that a small amount of the catalyst can destroy a great number of ozone molecules.



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