The Federal Trade Commission Act of 1914, which incorporated Wilson's ideas regarding the FTC, passed Congress with bipartisan support, and Wilson signed the bill into law in September 1914. "[25] Wilson's essay on governmental reform was published in the International Review after winning the approval of editor Henry Cabot Lodge. [172] After Huerta arrested U.S. Navy personnel who had accidentally landed in a restricted zone near the northern port town of Tampico, Wilson dispatched the Navy to occupy the Mexican city of Veracruz. Wilson nomma trois juges à la Cour suprême des États-Unis. Other major progressive legislation passed during Wilson's first term included the Federal Reserve Act, the Federal Trade Commission Act of 1914, the Clayton Antitrust Act, and the Federal Farm Loan Act. The bill also allowed individuals to launch anti-trust suits, and it limited the applicability of anti-trust laws on unions. [152] A German submarine torpedoed and sank the British ocean liner RMS Lusitania in May 1915; over a thousand perished, including many Americans. La réticence du président à engager des préparatifs militaires était en partie due à l'influence de la faction pacifiste au sein du Parti démocrate, avec Bryan en tant que chef de file. Wilson and other members of the Democratic Party had long seen high tariffs as equivalent to unfair taxes on consumers, and tariff reduction was President Wilson's first priority upon taking office. [196], The Covenant of the League of Nations was incorporated into the conference's Treaty of Versailles, which ended the war with Germany. "[62][page needed] He also wrote that charity efforts should be removed from the private domain and "made the imperative legal duty of the whole," a position which, according to historian Robert M. Saunders, seemed to indicate that Wilson "was laying the groundwork for the modern welfare state. L'opposition à la guerre était très présente dans de nombreux milieux, à l'intérieur comme à l'extérieur du parti, en particulier chez les femmes[81], les églises protestantes[82], les syndicats[83] et les démocrates sudistes, à l'instar de Claude Kitchin, président du puissant comité des voies et moyens de la Chambre des représentants. [208] U.S. involvement in World War I would not formally end until the passage of the Knox–Porter Resolution in 1921. One of Princeton's six residential colleges was originally named Wilson College. ", Lisa Mastrangelo, "World War I, public intellectuals, and the Four Minute Men: Convergent ideals of public speaking and civic participation.".

In 1885 Wilson married Ellen Louise Axson (Ellen Wilson), the daughter of a Presbyterian minister from Rome, Georgia, with whom he had three daughters, Margaret, Jessie, and Eleanor. Le président envoya alors une lettre de protestation à Berlin dans laquelle il demandait au gouvernement allemand de « prendre des mesures immédiates pour empêcher la répétition » d'incidents comparables au naufrage du Lusitania. Future President Herbert Hoover led the Food Administration; the Federal Fuel Administration, run by Harry Augustus Garfield, introduced daylight saving time and rationed fuel supplies; William McAdoo was in charge of war bond efforts; Vance C. McCormick headed the War Trade Board. Though Edith admitted she had no prior knowledge of–or more, Ellen Wilson (1860-1914) was an American first lady (1913-14) and the first wife of Woodrow Wilson, the 28th president of the United States. He suffered a paralytic stroke while seeking American public support for the Treaty of Versailles (October 1919), and his incapacity, which lasted for the rest of his term of office, caused the worst crisis of presidential disability in American history. Le futur président Herbert Hoover fut nommé à la tête de l'Administration pour l'alimentation tandis que l'administration fédérale pour le carburant, sous la conduite d'Henry Garfield, introduisit le passage à l'heure d'été et rationna les approvisionnements en combustible. [53] In 1896, Francis Landey Patton announced that Princeton would henceforth officially be known as Princeton University instead of the College of New Jersey, and he unveiled an ambitious program of expansion that included the establishment of a graduate school.

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