On the same day as the president's bi-partisan leadership meeting, First Lady Laura Bush stated in a Today show interview during an official visit to South Africa a preference for her husband to nominate a woman to O'Connor's seat. Renominated on March 19, 2007, after the initial nomination expired. At the same time, Reid stated that the nomination of any of the previously filibustered appellate nominees would be viewed by the Democrats as "a poke in the eye with a sharp stick". Renominated on September 4, 2001, and January 7, 2003. [22][23], On September 3, 2005, Chief Justice Rehnquist died. [12] On February 12, 2003, Miguel Estrada, a nominee for the D.C. On October 31, Bush nominated another federal appellate judge, Samuel Alito, as his new choice to replace O'Connor. With no other way to block confirmation, the Senate Democrats started to filibuster judicial nominees when they came before the full Senate for final consideration. "[9], From June 2001 to January 2003, when the Senate was controlled by the Democrats, the most conservative appellate nominees were stalled in the Senate Judiciary Committee and never given hearings or committee votes. Alito's confirmation hearing was held from Monday, January 9, 2006, to Friday, January 13. Renominated on February 14, 2005, after the initial nomination expired. The number of close votes in cases involving these areas suggests that a change of one or two key justices could completely shift the thinking of the Court on such issues. [29], Roberts' confirmation hearing for chief justice was held from Monday, September 12, to Friday, September 16. On the day before, Laura Bush mentioned publicly for the third time that she would like to see a female nominee. [12], As the 2004–2005 term of the Supreme Court ended, there was a flurry of rumors that Rehnquist, who was undergoing treatment for thyroid cancer, would soon retire.

President George W. Bush looks on as his nominee for Chief Justice, John Roberts, speaks.

[32] He restated this position during the meeting with the President when he warned against nominating either Brown or Owen. When did organ music become associated with baseball? When asked about the kind of justices he would appoint to the Supreme Court, President George W. Bush responded:

[28] Several days later, Specter made it known that he felt that it was too early for Bush to elevate Attorney General Alberto Gonzales to the Supreme Court. On November 7, 2006, the Democrats retook control in the 110th Congress. ... And that's the kind of judge I'm going to put on there." Circuit Court of Appeals to succeed retiring associate justice O'Connor. ", Last edited on 24 September 2020, at 02:45, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, Judicial appointment history for United States federal courts, U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes – Nomination of John Roberts, Washington Talk: Democrats Readying for Judicial Fight, President Bush Announces Federal Judicial Appointees, Judicial Selection During the Bush Administration, A Diminished Judiciary: The Causes and Effects of the Sustained High Vacancy Rates in the Federal Courts, "Supreme Court Nominations, 1789 to 2017: Actions by the Senate, the Judiciary Committee, and the President", Democrats begin filibuster against Estrada, Failed Cloture Votes on President Bush’s Nominees, Bush to announce Supreme Court nominee in prime-time TV appearance, Source: Clement Not Bush's Choice for High Court, https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/SupremeCourt/wireStory?id=954437, "Supreme Court Nomination and Withdrawal Sent to the Senate", http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/N09374711.htm, "Senate Democrats Are Shifting Focus From Roberts to Other Seat", Specter: Gonzales Not Ready for Supreme Court, http://www.suntimes.com/output/novak/cst-edt-novak18.html, https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/09/21/AR2005092100227.html, Roberts picks up Democratic support in Senate, http://www.cnn.com/2005/POLITICS/09/26/roberts.ap/index.html, Bush picks White House counsel for Supreme Court, Women, Minorities Top Bush's Supreme Court Short List, Fla. Justice Gets Backing for U.S. Supreme Court Seat, Campaign for the Court: from the Washington Post, List of possible SCOTUS prospects with linked info, from ConfirmThem.com, Supreme Conflict: The Inside Story of the Struggle for Control of the United States Supreme Court, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=George_W._Bush_Supreme_Court_candidates&oldid=980011047, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This forced supporters of the nomination to move to invoke cloture, which, if agreed to by a three-fifths supermajority vote, would allow debate to end and force a final vote on confirmation. Renominated on January 9, 2007, after the initial nomination expired. If a Supreme Court justice had chosen to retire during the 110th Congress, it would have been easy for the Democrats to have blocked his proposed replacement in committee, or even by a party-line vote on the Senate floor, if it somehow came to that. Despite these agreements, however, some observers noted that the chances were still high that the Democrats would filibuster any of the ten originally filibustered nominees if he or she were later nominated to the Supreme Court, especially Owen, Pryor or Brown. In the conservative magazine National Review, the three candidates suggested by the Democrats were quickly dismissed as being offered in bad faith because they were too liberal for a conservative president to seriously consider. Speculation abounded over potential nominations to the Supreme Court of the United States by President George W. Bush since before his presidency. Reid suggested the appointment of one of four Republican Senators, none of whom possessed previous judicial experience: Mel Martinez, Mike DeWine, Mike Crapo and Lindsey Graham. What justices did Ronald Reagan appoint to the Supreme Court? Legislators make law. On July 12, Bush met at the White House with the party leaders and ranking Judiciary Committee members from the two major parties — Republicans Bill Frist and Arlen Specter, and Democrats Reid and Patrick Leahy — to discuss the nomination process. Sonia Sotomayor, the first Hispanic and Latina member of the Court… During the evening of Sunday, October 2, John Fund, a columnist for the Wall Street Journal, announced on the radio show of blogger Matt Drudge that his sources had told him that the nominee would be moderate Hispanic Judge Consuelo M. Callahan of the Ninth Circuit. associate justice to Chief Justice: Reid declined to address the omission.[17]. The nomination was returned on December 9, 2006. Throughout much of the history of the United States, the Supreme Court of the United States was clearly the least powerful branch of the government, and nominations to that body, although important, were not the source of great political controversy as they are today.



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